Below are a few key terms in our Boulder Centre for Master Builders Dictionary!

Cromlech:   A stone circle used for ritual and transformational purposes. Cromlech is a Brythonic word (Breton/Welsh) used to describe prehistoric megalithic structures, where crom means “bent” and llech means “flagstone”. The term is now virtually obsolete in archaeology but remains in use as a colloquial term for two different types of megalithic Stonehengemonument.  In English, it usually refers to dolmens, the remains of prehistoric stone chamber tombs. However, it is widely used in French to describe stone circles. Some English-speaking archaeologists, such as Aubrey Burl, use this second meaning for cromlech in English too.  In addition, the term is occasionally used to describe more complex examples of megalithic architecture, such as the Almendres Cromlech in Portugal.  We use the term to describe stone circles following the use of the term by Aubrey Burl and the tradition of French geobiology.  Cromlechs are carefully designed with proportions suitable for the latitude they are built in so that they have the life-giving resonate of the natural mandala of the place.

Dolmen:  A stone formation like a table placed over powerful earth energy spots. Dolmen also referred to as portal tomb, portal grave, cromlech (Welsh), anta (Portuguese), Hünengrab/Hünenbett (German), Hunebed (Dutch), dyss (Swedish), goindol (Korean) or quoit (commonly used term in Cornwall) is usually described as a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table). Most date from the early Neolithic period (4000 to 3000 BCE). Dolmens were usually covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow, though in many cases that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone “skeleton” of the mound intact.  “Dolmen” originates from the expression taol maen, which means “stone table” in Breton.  The idea of a burial chamber may be correct to some extent, however, relatively few human remains have been found in them. It is more likely that these were ceremonial and ritual sites used to honor the seasons and join the energy of the earth and the cosmos in an energetically significant spot for harmonizing life and land.  They marked specific healing energetic spots on the land and magnified those energies for use in healing and initiation.

Dowsing:  A method of using the body’s sensory capacities to locate unseen things, such as water, fault lines and other natural or man-made features. Dowsing is most European dowsercommonly known as a method to locate underground water including water lines, buried metals, and many other objects and materials, as well as fire lines. Dowsing is also known as divining or (when searching specifically for water) water finding or water witching.  There is a range of techniques for dowsing including the use of rods, branches, or pendulums; however, all are based on the human body’s ability to sense water, other earth energies, or phenomena.

Earth Energies: The earth emits a wide range of energies.  In the use of this term, we focus on the water and fire lines, as well as the natural net, vortexes, chimneys, and other forms of energy that influenced the health and wellbeing of humans and other life on the earth’s surface.  These energies were used in the locating of sacred sites and buildings worldwide.

Equinox:  An equinox occurs twice a year in the fall and spring when the day and night are of near-equal length. At these times the tilt of the Earth’s axis is inclined neither away from nor towards the Sun, the center of the Sun being in the same plane as the Earth’s equator. The term equinox can also be used to mean the date when such a passage happens. The name “equinox” is derived from the Latin aequus (equal) and nox (night), because around the equinox, the night and day are approximately equally long.  An equinox happens each year at two specific moments in time (rather than two whole days), when there is a location on the Earth’s equator, where the center of the Sun can be observed to be vertically overhead, occurring around March 20/21 and September 22/23 each year.

Fire Lines:  A term used to describe subtle faults, fissures, and areas of subterranean San Andreas faultearth movement, which may or may not have obviously visible surface expression.  These subtle expressions of earth movement are found everywhere due to the dynamic nature of the earth’s crust.

Geobiology:  Geobiology is the science of the relationships between life and the earth’s environment (definition by Theillard de Chardin) Broadly defined, geobiology is an interdisciplinary field of scientific research that explores interactions between the biosphere and the lithosphere and/or the atmosphere. including, but not limited to, research in such disciplines as paleontology, paleobiology, microbiology, mineralogy, biochemistry, sedimentology, genetics, physiology, geochemistry, and atmospheric science.  Here we specifically use the term to discuss the impact of the environment, particularly the earth energies, on the human body. Humans are dependant on their surroundings, therefore on nature and its influences. The geobiologist seeks out impacts or interferences from earth energies in order to improve the quality of life for humans in their habitat. The geobiologist searches for and measures all sources of harmful radiation liable to affect the health of the people in a home or professional building. Be it a matter of telluric radiation from underground water courses, electromagnetic fields due to high voltage cables or electric household appliances or the undesirable effects of certain construction materials. Geobiology, which we define as the study of the interactions between Earth and life on the planet over time, is an immense and exciting intellectual undertaking: much more dynamic than any single field.

Geomancy:  The art of sensing earth energies and working with them to enhance life.  The tradition of the master builders of Europe that was practiced for thousands of years in Europe until it was lost following the 18-19th centuries was based on natural/sacred geometry and the principles and practices of geomancy.  Every culture has sensed earth energies. The art of the master builders of Europe is now being revived as a living practice and in that context, the term geomancy is coming to be the common term in English for the art of sensing and working with earth energies. Older definitions include the following:  Geomancy (Greek: for “earth divination “or “foresight by earth”; a translation from the Arabic term “‛ilm al-raml” or the “science of the sand”) is a method of divination that interprets markings on the ground or the patterns formed by tossed handfuls of soil, rocks, or sand. The most prevalent form of divinatory geomancy involves interpreting a series of 16 figures formed by a randomized process that involves recursion followed by analyzing them.  Once practiced by people from all social classes, it was one of the most popular forms of divination throughout Africa and Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.  The newer emerging use of the word cited above indicates that one is directly working with the healing and transformational energies of the earth beneath one rather than reading a handful of soil as a divinatory practice.  Both meanings direct our attention to our intimate relationship with the earth from which we are formed.

geopathic stressGeopathic stress: Geopathic Stress is natural radiation that rises up through the earth and is distorted by weak electromagnetic fields created by subterranean running water, certain mineral concentrations, fault lines, underground cavities, Hartmann and Curry grids. The wavelengths of the natural radiation disturbed in this way become harmful to living organisms, affecting the immune system.  Electromagnetic fields caused by modern technology contribute to geopathic stress in the form of high and low-frequency energy from telecommunication towers, electricity transmission lines, transformers, radar and radio towers, household appliances, etc.

Labyrinth:  A geometrically designed pattern built over a powerful energy spot on the earth, the walking of which can induce spiritual and physical transformation in the human body, heart, and mind. Labyrinth is an English word of pre-Greek (Minoan) origin absorbed by Classical Greek. Labyrinths, walking paths in spiraling patterns of various kinds, are found all over the world. The earliest one known so far is in Galatia in northwestern Spain; however, they can be found from Indonesia to Peru, from Arizona in the USA to Sweden, where the largest concentration of older labyrinths can be found. The Hopi Indians of North America had a symbol for Mother Earth known today as the “Classical Seven-Path Labyrinth which identified the sacred in nature.  Labyrinths are carefully located on energetic spots on the earth for purposes of healing and spiritual connection.  They offer a walking path for the purposes of connection, healing, meditation, and personal transformation.

Mandala: Mandalas are more than diagrams they are naturally occurring energetic patterns that were used in ritual and ceremony, and worked with as the basis of sacred mandalaarchitecture worldwide.  Mandala is a Sanskrit word that means “circle” and a term generally used in the Hindu and Buddhist religious traditions for these patterns and their drawn versions as concentric diagrams having spiritual and ritual significance.  The understanding of mandalas appears in all indigenous earth based traditions worldwide both as activated energetic patterns and as diagrams embodying sacred space.

Menhir de Manio

Menhir:  A large upright standing stone placed on powerful energetic spots to harmonize the area and create a place for ritual and healing. Menhirs may be found singly as monoliths, or as part of a group of similar stones. They are widely distributed across Europe, Africa, and Asia, but are most numerous in Western Europe; in particular in Ireland, Great Britain, and Brittany. They originate from many different periods across pre-history and were erected as part of a larger Megalithic culture that flourished in Europe and beyond.  The word menhir was adopted from French by 19th-century archaeologists. It is a combination of two words found in the Breton language; men (stone), and hir (long). In Modern Welsh, they are described as maen hir, or “long stone.” In modern Breton, the word peulvan is used. These stones were typically placed on top of water or fire line crossings and they generate harmonious energy fields around them.  They were important features of ceremonial and ritual sites.

Natural geometry:  Natural geometry refers to the natural patterns that arise in all appearing phenomena.  The molecules of our DNA, the cornea of our eye, snowflakes, pine cones, flower petals, diamond crystals, the branching of trees, a nautilus shell, the star we spin around, the galaxy we spiral within, the air we breathe, and all life forms as we know them to emerge out of timeless geometric codes. Viewing, contemplating, and working directly with these codes aligns us with the harmonics of the natural world.  We consider all geometry natural and sacred in the sense that it is the harmonics of all life and this indeed profound. In this regard, all may be referred to as sacred, i.e. worth of awe and respect, though not tied to any particular religious tradition.[See Sacred Geometry]

Sacred geometry: Solar Geometry and Sacred Geometry can be considered one and the same, however, for many the use of the term sacred geometry refers to symbolism and frameworks for religious art, while natural geometry suggests the natural patterns that arise in all appearing phenomena. Sacred geometry involves recognizing sacred universal patterns in the design of everything in our reality including their geometry, mathematical ratios, harmonics, and proportions. Sacred geometry may be understood as a worldview of pattern recognition, including a complex system of religious symbols and structures involving space, time and form. This value system is seen as widespread even in prehistory as a cultural universal. Sacred geometry is considered foundational to building sacred structures such as temples, mosques, megaliths, monuments and churches; sacred spaces such as altars, temenoi, and tabernacles; and the creation of religious art, iconography and using “divine” proportions. In addition, sacred geometry based arts can be ephemeral, such as visualization, sand painting, and medicine wheels. The ancients believed that the experience of Sacred Geometry was essential to the education of the soul. They knew that these patterns and codes were symbolic of our own inner realm and the subtle structure of awareness. Sacred Geometry is grounded in the experience of self-awareness and direct physical perception. [See Natural Geometry]

stonehengeSolstice:  A solstice is an astronomical event that happens twice each year when the Sun’s apparent position in the sky as it appears at sunrise and sunset on the horizon, reaches its northernmost or southernmost extremes. The name is derived from the Latin sol (sun) and sistere (to stand still) because, at the solstices, the Sun stands still in declination; that is, the apparent movement of the Sun’s path north or south comes to a stop before reversing direction.  The term solstice can also be used to mean the date (day) when this occurs around June 20-21 and December 21-22.

Solsticial Quadrilateral:  In the drawing, the naturally arising mandala at any point on earth the quadrilateral shape is known as the Solsticial Quadrilateral indicates the annual patterns of the sun’s movement at that spot (notably it setting and rising locations on the horizon).

Water Lines:  A term used to describe a subterranean movement of water.  Subterranean or underground water often moves, gathers, and flows within landscape features much as does surface water, however, water at different layers of the substrate can move in different directions due to different geological structures.  Water lines may also be the expression of blind springs or subterranean pools.

A few more terms…

Biomimicry means drawing on the 3.8 million years of life’s design processes, learning from them and then emulating natural forms, processes, and ecosystems to create more sustainable and healthier human technologies. The term biomimicry comes from the Greek words bios, meaning life, and mimesis meaning to imitate  Plants, animals, and other life have always aligned their body forms, processes and migration patterns with earth energies and sacred/natural geometry, thus these are keys to re-harmonizing the human built environments and technologies with the earth.

Biofeedback  A consensus definition by three major biofeedback organization has developed the following definition of the term: “Biofeedback is a process that enables an individual to learn how to change physiological activity for the purposes of improving health and performance. Precise instruments measure physiological activity such as brainwaves, heart function, breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. These instruments rapidly and accurately ‘feedback’ information to the user. The presentation of this information — often in conjunction with changes in thinking, emotions, and behavior — supports desired physiological changes. Over time, these changes can endure without continued use of an instrument.  Use of dowsing rods and pendulums over time can constitute a kind of learning and a feedback loop for the body that leads to health and body harmony, somewhat similar to a technological approach to bio-feedback.